“The Next Set of Phenomenal Articles” – KTFA Frank26 Video Update 7-12-21



KTFA Monday Night CC

Frank26 » July 12th, 2021


This video is in Frank’s and Team’s opinions.

Franks team is Walkingstick, Petra, MilitiaMan and Eddie from Iraq.

Playback Number: 605-313-5163  PIN: 156996#



Samson » July 12th, 2021

The UAE decides to issue a digital currency and support the digital transformation of the financial sector

07/12/2021 13:05:06

The Central Bank of the Emirates announced its most important trends during the period from 2023-2026, through which it seeks to be among the top 10 central banks in the world, according to the Emirates News Agency (WAM). 

The Central Bank’s directions in the coming years are based on achieving 7 goals, including issuing a digital currency and supporting digital transformation in the financial services sector, by adopting the latest technologies in artificial intelligence and big data.

The directions include “the use of technology in regulatory and insurance systems, and the use of digital identity infrastructure, to enhance financial inclusion and access to financial services faster and better.”

In addition to the “goal to develop a strong and secure financial cloud infrastructure for the financial and insurance sector services”, the directions include supporting the green economy in the UAE, continuing to develop the financial infrastructure, and promoting innovations to support the UAE’s competitiveness in this field.   LINK

Question and answer.. What are the pros and cons of deleting zeros from the Iraqi currency? And what are the conditions for that?

12th July, 2021

Iraq is witnessing a severe financial crisis that began with the outbreak of the Corona virus last year and the decline in global demand for oil, which represents nearly 91% of Iraq’s financial imports.

With the continuation of the financial crisis and the failure to pay the salaries of employees last year, the Iraqi government resorted to what was called the Iraqi government reform paper (the white paper), which included the devaluation of the Iraqi dinar against the US dollar, and the decision entered into force at the beginning of this year.

With the rise in oil prices globally, the Iraqi government has been thinking about long-term financial strategies that may protect the country from falling into a financial crisis that may be more influential, without specifying a date for the implementation of this step.

Saleh believes that deleting zeros from the currency is a necessary condition for reducing accounting numbers and facilitating arithmetic use

What are the conditions for deleting zeros?

Deleting zeros from the Iraqi currency requires the fulfillment of two conditions, according to Saleh. The first is price stability within the country, which means the stability of the dollar exchange rate against the Iraqi dinar, which is still witnessing relative volatility after the Iraqi government decided to raise the value of the dollar at the beginning of this year.

As for the second condition, Salj adds in his speech to Al Jazeera Net that it is represented by stability in political life inside Iraq, which is what is required to change the exchange rate from laws and political consensus and so on.

Why deleting?

In his interpretation of the reasons for deleting 3 zeros from the Iraqi currency (a dollar is equivalent to 1450 Iraqi dinars), Saleh comments, “The importance of deleting zeros from the currency and slimming its units as a necessary condition to reduce accounting numbers and facilitate arithmetic and the cost of managing new large numbers and the absence of small numbers and fractions.”

He continues that the slimming of coins comes because of their role in sustaining the calculation of huge numbers of financial values that are not absorbed by ordinary computers due to the large number of decimal places and the emergence of many accounting errors, especially when dealing with trillions, which means that one number in front of it has 12 decimal places.

Regarding the importance of the deletion process and the extent of its realism, Saleh indicated that the Central Bank of Iraq put a project to delete 3 zeros from the Iraqi currency the subject of research and study a long time ago, after reviewing 54 international experiences since the end of World War II until now, the last of which was in Iran and before it. Turkey.

Rashid believes that the current economic situation in Iraq is not ready to delete zeros from the local currency

What effects?

For his part, a member of the Iraqi Parliament’s Finance Committee, Ahmed Hama Rashid, confirmed that the current economic situation in Iraq is not ready to delete zeros from the local currency.

Hama Rashid continued in his speech to Al Jazeera Net that this process means withdrawing the current currency denominations and printing new ones, which requires huge funds to print them with technical specifications necessary to protect the currency from counterfeiting, in addition to the fact that replacing the currency will destabilize the monetary system, which may cause successive collapses, enslaving that The Central Bank of Iraq takes such a step.

A member of the Finance Committee, Jamal Cougar, agrees with this proposition by confirming that this step is excluded in the next two years at the very least for several considerations, as he believes that deleting zeros is an unworkable step, especially that changing the currency exchange rate led to a shock to the Iraqi street, and therefore Iraqis are not Prepare for another shock.

In an exclusive interview with Al-Jazeera Net, Cougar points out that the Iraqi economy does not have its own decision, and that many countries benefit from the current Iraqi currency in buying and selling transactions and others.

Cougar: The lower the number of currency numbers, the greater its strength among currencies in the economic perspective

What are the benefits?

As for the benefits, Cougar believes that the smaller the number of currency numbers, the greater its strength among currencies in the economic perspective. However, this requires strengthening the local economy inside the country and diversifying the sources of the Iraqi budget, which requires strengthening industry and agriculture as a preliminary condition for this step.

And about the extent of the benefit derived from this change in restoring the Iraqi cash block hoarded by the Iraqis or smuggled abroad, he explained that the international deal in the Iraqi currency is not related to the number of zeros as much as it relates to the strength of investments inside the country and the size of the Iraqi product exported abroad.

Cougar gives an example of this: Turkey, which deleted zeros from its currency years ago, has embarked on building a diverse and large economy and investments, and this is different from the Iraqi situation, whose currency is not found in global currency exchanges so far.

On the other hand, Abdul Rahman al-Mashhadani, a professor of economics at the Iraqi University, believes that deleting zeros will save the state the costs of transferring the Iraqi currency between the central bank and government and private banks.

Al-Mashhadani continues in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net that deleting zeros may lead to a decline in Iraqis’ demand for the dollar for the sake of hoarding, as the Iraqis currently keep the dollar for ease of preservation, while preserving the same value in the Iraqi currency requires greater storage capacity, pointing out that this is conditional on printing cash denominations. A new denomination with a value higher than what is currently available was to print a denomination of 200 dinars (equivalent to 200 thousand dinars in the current currency), which requires 4 banknotes of a denomination of (50 thousand).

Al-Shamaa believes that deleting zeros from the currency will not do anything for the Iraqi economy

Who is the loser?

In every economic equation, the profit and loss ratio is calculated, which is what the economist Hammam Al-Shamma points out that this ratio will not be equally present in the equation, warning of psychological disturbances in the Iraqi market in the event of zeros being deleted.

Al-Shamma comments to Al-Jazeera Net, “Deleting zeros from the currency will not provide anything for the Iraqi economy, but rather it will cost the Iraqi state huge money to print a new currency without this having a clear impact on the local economy.”

Al-Shammaa points out that the competitiveness of Iraqi goods against the imported ones will not witness a positive change inside the country, especially since international transactions are mostly made in US dollars.

This is confirmed by Abdul Rahman Al-Mashhadani, professor of economics at the Iraqi University, and adds that competition with imported goods depends on the local product and its strength, pointing out that Iraq does not have industries that can compete with imported goods and overcome them in terms of quality, price, and state protection for them, according to him.

Returning to Ahmed Hama Rashid, where he believes that deleting zeros from the currency will not be in the interest of the government currently, inferring that Iraq has 80 trillion Iraqi dinars from multiple monetary categories, and that printing 5 trillion dinars from the category (50 thousand) cost the Iraqi government 60 million dollars At that time, the cost of the rest of the denominations will be much greater, given that printing each denomination costs approximately (6 US cents) on average, according to him.

Who is the winner?

In contrast to the losing party, Al-Shammaa believes that the government may derive limited benefits from deleting zeros, which is that the government and the central bank will face fewer problems in the accounting system and final accounts with limited zeros and small accounting numbers.

The last proposition is consistent with what was revealed by the economic advisor to the Prime Minister that the hyperinflation that hit the Iraqi economy in the nineties of the last century added 3 numbers to the Iraqi monetary unit, while the small categories disappeared from circulation completely, as the category (250 dinars) became smaller.

A monetary unit in daily circulation inside the country, which raised the cost of micro-transactions, as well as the inflation caused by the appearance of the huge numbers circulating in the accounting system inside the country.  LINK

Clare » July 12th, 2021


Source: Dinar Recaps


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