After the elections, these are the legal steps for choosing the presidents, ministers and representatives
Baghdad / Obelisk: Tariq Harb wrote:
1- After the Electoral Commission has officially announced the electoral results, those who object to the results have three days from the day following the announcement of the results to challenge the results before the electoral judiciary.
2- The law gives the electoral judiciary seven days to issue a ruling on the appeal, and the decision of the judicial body will be final.
3- After completing the foregoing, the Commission shall present the electoral results in their modified form in accordance with the provisions of the Judicial Authority to the Federal Supreme Court, which certifies the final results of the elections. Usually, the approval process by the court takes about three days.
4- Within fifteen days of the approval of the results, the President of the Republic shall call the new House of Representatives to convene by presidential decree.
5- In the first session of the new parliament, the session is held under the chairmanship of the oldest member.
6- The first session of the Council of Representatives is devoted to electing the Speaker and his two deputies, with the approval of an absolute majority of the number of Council members, that is, with the approval of more than half of the Council’s members. Since the number of Council members is 329, the approval of at least 165 deputies is required.
7- The first work done by the Council of Representatives after the election of the presidency of the Council, the Council opens the door for candidacy for the position of the President of the Republic, where the approval of two-thirds of the number of members of the Council is required in the first round, i.e. the approval of 210 deputies, given the number of members is 329. If none of the candidates obtained this, which is what happened in In all four electoral cycles, for Talabani, Masoom and the current president, there is competition between the candidates with the highest number of votes and whoever gets the majority of votes in the second ballot, regardless of the number, is declared president.
8- The President of the Republic assigns the candidate of the most numerous parliamentary bloc to form the Council of Ministers within fifteen days. Contrary to previous sessions, Article 45 of the current Elections Law 9 of 2020 cut off the controversy and decided to prevent the transfer of representatives before the formation of the government, which means that the most numerous parliamentary bloc is the one who obtains This number, as announced by the Electoral Commission and ratified by the Supreme Court, not the bloc that consists in the House of Representatives, because Article 45 prevents the transition between representatives, then coalitions begin to achieve the majority required to vote.
9- The majority required to approve the new cabinet is the absolute majority of the number of deputies present. If the number of deputies present is 300, then the approval of 151 is sufficient for the prime minister and ministers.
After the Iraqi elections, Kirkuk looks at Article 140
Attention is directed to the Iraqi province of Kirkuk, and the results that will emerge from it, because it will relatively determine the future of this province, which is disputed between the central government and the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq, after the legislative elections in Iraq
In Iraq, there is talk again about Article 140 of the Constitution , which over the past years has been a subject of mutual sensitivity among the people of different nationalities in the province, including Arabs, Kurds and Turkmens.
The figures announced so far from within the province indicate that the Kurdish parties will get between 6 and 7 parliamentary seats out of the 12 seats allocated to the province, while the Arab lists will get between 3 and 4 seats, and the share of the Turkmen component will decline from 3 seats to two or one seat. One at worst.
Many Iraqi political, parliamentary and cultural calls have escalated during the past months, and demanded the Iraqi central government to resolve the file of the disputed areas in Iraq, of which Kirkuk governorate constitutes the most sensitive part.
A solution was called for, whether by consensus or through the mechanisms specified by the Iraqi constitution, because this file is one of the most important sources of tension and conflict inside Iraq, and it did not receive any government attention due to regional pressures.
Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution is concerned with determining the fate of the disputed areas between the central government and the Kurdistan Regional Government, whose area is estimated at more than 40,000 square kilometers, and extends within the governorates of Kirkuk, Mosul and Diyala, which include mixed Arab-Kurdish-Turkmen regions, while the Kurdish forces say that the component The Kurds constitute a clear population majority in it, despite the “Arabization policies” that have affected them for many years.
Throughout the past parliamentary election cycles, Kirkuk governorate witnessed a political division paralleling nationalism in the governorate. While the Kurdish candidates received half of the parliamentary seats, 6 out of 12 parliamentary seats allocated to the governorate, the candidates of the Arab and Turkmen components shared the rest of the seats equally, which was raising concerns about the possibility of its residents voting in favor of its inclusion in the Kurdistan Region in the event of a referendum unconstitutional regarding the determination of her fate.
Previous electoral cycles used to define the entire province of Kirkuk as a single electoral district, in which the entire population could vote for a single party or individual group list, but the current election law divided the province into three main local constituencies, a matter that observers considered as a primary and fixed national division of the number of seats allocated to each Nationality of the people of the province.
The northern electoral district of the province, which has been allocated 5 out of 12 seats, seems settled for the Kurdish component, because they constitute the absolute majority of the population in the entire region. The western constituency, which has been allocated 4 seats, is considered almost settled for Arab candidates, with a relative competition for a Kurdish candidate for one seat in it
As for the central central district, in which the Turkmen constitute only a relative majority, only 3 seats were allocated to it, which may mean that the number of Turkmen parliamentarians from the province may decrease from three to two, and perhaps one parliamentary seat, because the voter turnout was low in the Turkmen circles During the election day, the Kurds rallied in favor of one candidate in this constituency.
The Iraqi Turkmen activist Medhat Tubri explained in an interview with “Sky News Arabia”, the Turkmen concerns about these preliminary results for the parliamentary seats in the Kirkuk governorate, “saying that there was Arab-Kurdish harmony to distribute the largest number of seats in the areas where they constitute the majority, and no attention was paid to it. To the Turkmen calls for allocating five seats to the central regions instead of three.
At the same time, the Turkmen were deprived of tens of thousands of votes because these elections are taking place without creating conditions for voters abroad, as more than half of Kirkuk’s Turkmen are still outside the province.
Tobri adds to Sky News Arabia, “The Turkmen fears extend to the fear of the possibility of this bilateral consensus occurring during the meetings of the Kirkuk Provincial Council, or even during the application of Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution at the stage after the formation of the new Iraqi central government, and consequently the Turkmen losing any area of Turkmen specificity. in Iraq”.
The Kurdish Peshmerga forces had controlled Kirkuk governorate throughout the years 2014-2017, at the request of the central government, during the stage of ISIS control over the central and western regions of Iraq.
But the Kurdish forces soon withdrew from it in the fall of 2017, after a coordinated attack by the Iraqi army forces in cooperation with the Iraqi Popular Mobilization factions, and the Kurdish governor of the province was removed and another of the Arab political forces was appointed, by order of the then Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, and without the approval of The provincial council, in which Kurdish members constitute the majority.
The Kurds have been demanding since 2003 the annexation of the province, recalling that they constitute the majority of the province’s population, despite what they say were “Arabization campaigns” that continued throughout the rule of the Baath Party (1969-2003). While the Turkmen accuse the Kurdish and Arab parties of changing the traditional character of the city and governorate of Kirkuk, which had a Turkmen identity and majority a few decades ago.
Observers point out that the Kurdish bloc within the Iraqi parliament will condition the implementation of this constitutional article, as a prerequisite for their entry into any future government formation. link
Specialists: The next parliament has a historic responsibility to modify the economy
The economic visions calling for a revolution in laws and legislations during the next parliamentary session coincided, especially laws that would double public revenues, activate the role of the private sector, oil and gas, and the Generations Fund, as well as emphasizing the need for the next parliament to seek to transform the public budget from “Items to annual programs and goals” and seeking to revive dozens of suspended constitutional articles, which are guaranteed to revitalize the economic reality in Iraq, such as Article 106 related to monitoring the allocation of federal imports.
The economist, Manaf Al-Sayegh, called through “Al-Sabah” to bring about a major legislative revolution during the next parliamentary session, and to seek to move many constitutional laws and articles that would move the economy, stressing the importance of activating Articles 106 of the constitution, related to monitoring the allocation of federal imports, Article 111 concerned with the necessity of approving the oil and gas law, activating Article 112 first and second of the constitution, approving the joint administration law, and drawing up investment policies for the oil and gas sectors between the federal authorities and the regions and governorates that are not organized in a region.
Al-Sayegh urged the importance that the next parliament, in cooperation with the government, seek to include the implementation of development plans in the budget items, with an obligation to translate them into annual projects that must be implemented in the state’s public budgets approved by the Ministry of Planning with the participation of all ministries and the private sector, stressing at the same time. The necessity of working with the government on the production and approval of the Generation Fund Law, and the adoption of the Council of Reconstruction Law with the provision in the law to transfer a part of no less than a quarter of the oil revenues to it for the purposes of implementing strategic projects.
The economic expert stressed the importance for the new parliament to organize a law that defines the philosophy, form and nature of the Iraqi economic system, and to work on regulating the private sector law as a key partner in economic decision-making, as well as approving the oil and gas law to regulate production and distribution of financial resources, and an administration law. Federal financial resources to regulate exchange and equitable distribution between regions and governorates and to ensure adherence to federal regulatory laws.
Al-Sayegh also called on the future legislative authority to enhance the business environment and raise the level of government performance in facilitating companies’ business within global indicators to ensure the encouragement of investments in Iraq, and to strive to produce a competitiveness law for state institutions to ensure the provision of the best public services to society, in a manner that ensures high quality of service with Efficiency in government performance.
With the aim of activating the market and supporting the exchange rate, Al-Sayegh suggested to the next government and parliament, to identify medium and small projects needed by the reality of economic activity in the country, and in cooperation with the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance, and to support the relevant international institutions in reviving and monitoring these projects, until they succeed in meeting the market need of their products. It will also create job opportunities, which will give economic activity a strong impetus.
The spokesman stressed the importance of contracting with international companies to build good and low-cost housing units for those without housing, people with limited income and workers in state institutions, and this will give Iraq daily economic activity that enhances the capacity of individual income and family spending and also occupies multiple sectors related to the construction sector.
In turn, the researcher in political and economic affairs, Nabil Jabbar Al-Ali, said during his talk to Al-Sabah that economic issues should be at the top of the politicians’ priorities in the next stage, attributing this to a number of reasons, foremost of which is the task of the next government in meeting the demands of the October demonstrations, especially the economic demands of them. Providing job opportunities and providing services, which require approving or amending a set of legislation to support economic reforms or executive procedures, to provide the necessary funds and to legalize expenditures.
Al-Ali stressed the need to top the agendas of the upcoming parliament sessions, government bills or proposals of parliamentary committees that deal with economic laws and legislation, on top of which is the draft budget law 2022, the oil and gas law, and amendments to the tax law, and social and health security.
The expert, the economic researcher, urged the upcoming parliament, in cooperation with the government, to address the problem of the public sector by legislating the Public-Private Partnership Law.
very important files
It may seem early to talk about the priorities of the tasks that the new Iraqi parliament will undertake in its fifth session, but it is very appropriate that the picture be clear in front of the new parliamentary formation, a large percentage of which may be from the new representatives who have not previously practiced parliamentary work from Before, and because the main task of the Council is limited to two things, namely, legislation and oversight.
Abdul-Zahra Al-Hindawi finds that the matter requires us to put on the table of the new parliament a number of issues that we find urgent and important, some of which are still hanging on the shelves of Parliament, and some of them are me, but they are very important.
He continued, “We can refer to some of those files, which come in the forefront, the file of the state’s general budget for the next year 2022, and the extent to which the joints of life are linked to the approval of this law, as time did not help the government and the previous parliament from approving it, and therefore the budget is the first priority before the House of Representatives.” , but we don’t want it to be a boiled balance.
Al-Hindawi stressed that the budget should be well-studied, especially since the government has made a great effort in preparing it, especially with regard to issues of financing, loans and oil prices, diversifying sources of income, and emphasizing the issue of the Generations Fund, which represents an important step towards ensuring the rights of future generations.
The budget is taken into consideration
Al-Hindawi saw the need for the budget to take into account the issue of the financial deficit from which we suffered a lot, in light of a marked improvement in oil prices, and there is another issue that seems important, including what is related to the investment budget, and the reality of the ongoing projects, which require a mature vision to ensure their completion, within their timelines.
Al-Hindawi pointed out that there is another file that has been waiting for a long time, which is the file of squatter housing, which requires the legislation of its own law, which the previous parliament had previously read, but it did not pass for many reasons. Those who live in these slums, which have become a painful scene in all cities and governorates of Iraq.
Not only that, but there is the general population census project, the implementation of which has been delayed for about a quarter of a century, and its implementation requires allocating a budget of 120 billion dinars, and I think it is possible to allocate such a budget, after the level of cash reserves increased, the volume of financial revenues improved, and the country exited from the stifling financial crisis.
The priorities of the new parliament
I also think and talk about the priorities of the new parliament, to go towards approving the partnership law with the private sector. Such a law would open wide horizons for internal and external investment, and attract many international companies to invest in Iraq, as we are in dire need of such investments. To achieve the seventeen sustainable development goals within the framework of Iraq’s Vision 2030.
And he indicated the necessity of implementing the Chinese agreement file, which we want to turn into an agreement approved by the House of Representatives.
and others. Certainly, there are many other files that the new House of Representatives is required to consider as bearing the “very important” classification, such as the file of oil and gas, electricity, border crossings and other important files.
Women, elections and the economy
Maysoon Hussein al-Jubouri believes that women are an element that is no less important than men in all areas of life, especially economic and political.
She told Al-Sabah that elections are one of the most important pillars of democracy in the world, and many countries consider elections a right, and some consider them a duty, and like other classes and segments of peoples, women are considered an active and important part in implementing this national democratic practice, so they must take their real role in society and change What it can change from the political process to run the country’s affairs for the better.
She confirmed to Al-Sabah here, “The role of women in decision-making or influencing change is among the electorate, and most of them are women, but the percentage of women who participate in voting in the most extreme cases does not reach 30%, if not less.
So how if this percentage increases to half or more of the voters for women, but if the percentage of female voters exceeds more than the previous one, the equation and the scales may be completely reversed in its favour, if it does well and performs its role convincingly. life related to it.
Elections and the economy
For his part, said Dr. Imad Al-Harsh Al-Tamimi said that the results of the elections expected in the coming days, and their results, are among the most important determinants of the future direction of the Iraqi economy, between the urgent need to hold credible elections on their scheduled date, and the reluctance or calls of some to boycott them, some observers and specialists in economic affairs see that there is a failure Abusively in managing the economic file over the past period, which exceeded “4” electoral cycles, in which poverty rates rose very dramatically, exceeding “31%,” as well as fluctuations in oil prices, and the lack of a common vision for the direction of Iraq’s economy in the future.
achieve economic reform
Al-Tamimi continued, “There is a view among some of them that these elections represent a reform gesture that can contribute to achieving political reform compatible with economic reform. This reform, it is hoped, will lead to a radical change in the thinking of the Iraqi economic leaders. , because it is believed that their economic identity is the basis of a single economy “pure rentier”, and their thought towards economic diversification is weak and most of their attention is focused on giving the rentier character to the economy despite their recognition of the necessity of economic development and their support for the idea of reform
You find that they do not make it a priority in reality, so it may be After these elections, an opportunity to absorb the changes and agree on compromise economic solutions, in the presence of honest, specialized, national economic personalities produced by the results of the elections, or in the presence of loyal patriotic personalities who love their country.
The desired sustainable development and the desired economic diversification, in light of the presence of oil, land and water, which represent the natural resource as well as the human resource that counts on them to achieve this. link
Source: Dinar Recaps
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