United Nations: Iraq desperately needs economic reform
On Wednesday, the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq welcomed calls for a national dialogue, while stressing the need for political leaders to prioritize national interests to find urgent solutions to the crisis
The UN mission stated in a statement, “The meaningful dialogue between all Iraqi parties is now more urgent than ever, as recent events have shown the danger of a rapid escalation in this tense political climate
“Iraqi parties stress the importance of democratic fundamentals such as constitutional compliance and respect for state institutions, but these are increasingly not observed, as their failure to move forward has had a clear negative impact on public confidence,” she added
And the UN mission continued: “No party or group can claim that the crisis does not enter them or affect them. The need to find solutions through a comprehensive dialogue is clear,” adding: “In its absence, the State of Iraq will continue to be dominated by competing interests, which leads to more of instability with the people paying the price, such a scenario is simply intolerable
The mission reiterated its welcome to the “recent calls for a national dialogue, and commends the expression of support from all political spectrum”, at the same time appealing to all actors to “commit, actively participate, and agree on solutions without delay. And she stressed that “the transition from words to deeds has become an urgent necessity, Iraq cannot go to another national dialogue in vain
The UN mission concluded, “Iraq faces a wide list of outstanding internal issues, as it is in dire need of economic reform, effective public services delivery, as well as a federal budget, and it is time for political stakeholders to assume their responsibilities and act in the national interest
11 Iraqi political parties call for the dissolution of parliament and the formation of a new government
Today, Tuesday, Iraqi political forces called “change” raised several demands and called on the United Nations to support them, including the dissolution of the House of Representatives and the formation of a new government, revealing their intention to establish an inclusive national conference.
These forces included “the Iraqi Communist Party, the National House, the Social Democratic Movement, the Iraqi Nation Party, the Nazil Take My Right Movement, the Faili Movement, the Iraqi House, the Wa’ad Party, the Sons of Two Rivers Party, the Consultative Council, and the Tishreen Democratic Movement.”
The forces said in a statement read by the leaders of those parties, in a joint press conference, seen by Shafak News Agency, “10 months have passed since the October 2021 elections, and the influential political blocs have not been able to address the deepening political crisis for years, and even insist on the approach of sectarian quotas. ethnicity, and a conflict of narrow interests.
She added that “this led to the Parliament’s inability to perform its constitutional duties, and the continuation of the state of political obstruction, whose negative effects were reflected on all of our people, and now threatens societal peace.”
He continued, “In light of the current political and field developments, the forces of democratic change met today, Tuesday, and discussed the course of the escalating events, and affirmed their firm position on the process of comprehensive change, by peaceful means, that leads to building a civil and democratic state based on citizenship and social justice.” The “forces of change” stressed that “they were not and will not be part of any conflicts that do not serve the interests and aspirations of the Iraqis.”
She added that out of concern for the path of democratic construction, we call for the dissolution of the current parliament, and for the President of the Republic, independent representatives and national forces to press for this.
It also called for “the formation of a government that enjoys political and popular approval, and whose mission will be to initiate practical steps on the path of change, including holding the killers of the demonstrators accountable, revealing the fate of the disappeared activists, moving major corruption files and bringing the corrupt to justice.”
The Forces for Change stressed that one of the duties of this government is also “to take concrete measures to confine arms to the state, and to benefit from the financial surplus to improve the lives of Iraqis.”
She stressed that “the government takes it upon itself to work to ensure the fulfillment of the requirements for holding fair and impartial elections, under UN supervision, including: the application of the parties’ law, to prevent corrupt parties and parties with armed arms from participating in the electoral process, and to ensure the independence of the High Electoral Commission.”
These forces called on the United Nations Mission in Iraq to support the aspirations of the Iraqis to achieve a real democratic political system of government, and to sponsor the dialogues of its national political forces.
And the statement continued, “In this sensitive circumstance, we believe that the peaceful change project requires concrete measures, foremost of which is a review of the interpretations of the Federal Court, regarding (the largest bloc) and the quorum of the presidential election session, and the violation of constitutional timings.”
In order to achieve this, the forces’ statement says, “We sincerely call on all forces, parties, national figures, popular protest movements, unions, unions, organizations and social actors, to unite efforts and work to preserve the path of peaceful change that responds to the aspirations of our people, in a stable homeland. and flourishing.”
“We are in the process of preparing for a comprehensive national conference, in order to form a national front for the forces of change,” he stressed. link
After 300 days of blockage… Re-elections or regime change, which is closer to Iraq?
Iraqis have varied opinions about political calls to dissolve parliament, re-elections, and make constitutional amendments, to end the political crisis in the country, while others believe that the solution lies in changing the system of government from a parliamentary to a presidential one.
And after 297 days of not choosing the country’s new prime minister and republic, political differences are still exacerbating, especially between the “Shiite” parties, and as a result, thousands of supporters of the leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, stormed the parliament building on July 27, 2022 in protest against the trend. The framework for the formation of the new government by the nomination of Muhammad Shia Al-Sudani, an ally of former Prime Minister Nuri Al-Maliki.
Frame VS Mainstream
The political crisis entered a new curve after the Sadrist movement’s demonstrations turned into open sit-ins, forcing the other party (the framework) to also take its audience to the street in demonstrations to emphasize “legitimacy and respect for the constitution.”
In order to avoid a clash between the framework and the current, political blocs proposed the idea of holding early elections, to break the current political blockage, but this option may face rejection from some political forces, as well as the lack of popular desire to participate in them on the grounds that it “will not change anything”, according to citizenship Maryam (from Baghdad), which indicated that “the previous elections were to change the corrupt parties, but this change did not happen. The masses of the parties will elect their candidates again, in light of the timid presence of independents within the government.”
In her interview with Shafaq News Agency, Maryam believes that “the solution lies in changing the system of government to a presidential one,” calling on the international community to “intervene to change the system of government and end the chaos in Iraq for 19 years.”
As for the citizen Muntazer (from Karbala), he believes that “the citizens’ reluctance to participate in the previous elections benefited the parties from the coordination framework and the Sadrist movement in obtaining the largest percentage of votes, and if the elections are repeated, the scenario will be repeated again.” Montazer adds to Shafaq News, that “ending the control of parties will be through the active participation of citizens in the elections.” The country is in its own interest.
Dissolution of parliament
The call for early elections is not new, as it was raised in earlier times as well. In this regard, the independent deputy, Basem Khashan, states, “I submitted a request to dissolve the Parliament more than once, and also demanded the amendment of the election law, which the Federal Court canceled a number of its articles.”
Khashan explains to Shafak News, that “the initiative of the independents has proven in light of the current situation that it was a solution to end the political crisis,” noting that many MPs have chosen the side of neutrality at the present time, and these lack courage, as the deputy must have an opinion on important issues.
Amend the constitution
With regard to the transition to the presidential system, the representative says, “Changing the system to a presidential one requires amending the constitution, and amending the latter is a complex issue,” pointing out on the other hand that “Al-Sadr’s call to amend the electoral law is unreal, as the electoral law was established by the current, so Al-Sadr’s call for a change the political system, the constitution and the election law are all false calls,” he said, suggesting that al-Sadr will try to end the crisis and retract his previous positions.
Muqtada al-Sadr, who won the largest number of votes in the October elections, withdrew his 74 deputies from parliament last June, after he failed to form a government that excluded his Shiite rivals (the coordinating framework). After months of negotiations, al-Sadr left to his opponents in the framework the task of forming a government after he took a surprising step by withdrawing his deputies from Parliament.
The framework includes the bloc of former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and the Fatah bloc representing the Popular Mobilization, and blocs that did not achieve significant results in the elections, such as the Wisdom Movement.
Analysts who spoke to Shafak News believe that holding early elections is the strongest option in the event that no agreement is reached that combines the framework with the current, or one of them concedes to the other the government. And the political analyst, Sabah Al-Agaili, during his interview with Shafaq News Agency, shows that the early elections are “related to the government.
Will the Al-Kazemi government remain, or will a prime minister be chosen and given a period that may extend for a year in order to call for early elections, and this proposal may suit the political process if we have reached a political closure.
And the path of dissolving parliament and holding early elections is different from changing the regime and the constitution, according to political analyst, Muhammad Nana’, who says that “changing the regime to a presidential one or practicing a coup against the current political class, with a party taking these steps supported by the people, is an undemocratic path, as you certain forces and parties outside the constitutional, parliamentary and democratic contexts adopt rebuilding the state anew according to their vision, as sometimes put forward by the leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr.
As for the call for the dissolution of parliament and the elections, Nanaa explains, during his speech to the agency, that “this is within the current system itself, given that the current parliament was shaken by its Sharia with the withdrawal of the Sadrists from it, and the current parties were unable to form a government.” He continues: “There is a custom in parliamentary contexts that if elections are unable to form a government within a maximum period of 60 days, then early elections are held to fix the situation, and therefore there is a difference between calls to change the regime from a parliamentary to a presidential one, and calls to dissolve parliament and hold early elections.”
In light of this political complexity, the outgoing government of Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi continues to “carry out daily business,” and if the parties do not agree on a new government, this government may continue for a transitional phase until new elections are held.
Source: Dinar Recaps
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