“Lawful Money” by Doug Duff – 1.8.23


Entry Submitted by Doug Duff at 1:35 PM ET on January 8, 2023


12 U.S.C. 152, ….”the term “lawful money of the United States shall be construed to mean gold and silver coin”.

According to Constitutional prohibition upon the states and the ruling of the Supreme Court these assessments exacted under State law are only tenderable in gold and silver coin of the United States as lawful money, as defined by law, because “No state shall make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts.”

Article I Section 10 has never been abridged, altered, or amended.

The premises* considered, these fees for service of process and for the filing of this complaint by the Court initiating this suit have not been paid in the manner plainly designated [in State law and] in Article 1, Section 10 of the US Constitution as the mandatory medium of tender of payment lawfully acceptable by this State Court, for these “involuntary assessment sexacted under State laws.” The filing of this lawsuit was improper and this Court lacks jurisdiction over the parties in this matter partially granted to the Court through proper filing of the suit, and it must be dispatched. *premises. Law. The preliminary or explanatory statements or facts of a document.

Claimant is not deemed at fault in this matter to demand this case be dispatched. This Court, its’ Clerk, and those in the Court’s employ receiving payment or any remuneration in an unlawful manner have acted beyond jurisdiction of the authority and powers of the State, and have violated the Constitution of the United States of 1789*, and their oaths of officecharters of incorporation, and bonds to uphold it making something other than gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debt for an [involuntary or voluntary] assessment exacted under State laws, and must face the law’s mandated consequences accordingly. * [The Constitution of the United States 1789 at Article VI stipulates that all judges are bound by this Constitution, not the Constitution of February 21, 1871.]

According to Rules of Evidence 1101 footnotes under subdivision (a) quoted: “These various provisions do not in terms describe the same courts. In congressional usage the phrase “district courts of the United States,” without further qualification, traditionally has included the district courts established by congress in the states under Article III of the Constitution, which are “constitutional” courts, and has not included the territorial courts created under Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2, which are “legislative” courts.”


The debtor has no means to enforce any contract due to the fact that lawful money is not obtainable on a par with Federal Reserve Notes and the receiving or making of Federal Reserve Notes or a check drawn on them as a tender in payment of a debt is ultra vires to the authority of a state created fictional corporation bearing the prohibitions of its creator; it is void and non enforceable. A creation of the state cannot be granted power to do what its creator did not have authority to do. Corporations are a creation of the state.


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