Sudani: The corruption pandemic represents the biggest battle
Baghdad / Nina / Prime Minister Mohammed Shia Al-Sudani said that the corruption pandemic represents the major battle, indicating that we seek political calm after the clamor.
He said at the Baghdad International Dialogue Conference: The national wealth belongs to all Iraqis and we seek to achieve all the goals set.
Al-Sudani added: The biggest challenge is to restore the confidence of citizens through achievements.
He explained: The corruption pandemic represents the great battle and complacency with it means losing everything.
Sudani: Our government has drawn an ambitious program for the advancement of Iraq
Sudani: Iraq has regained its natural position as an incubator for dialogues
Prime Minister: We are determined to restore Iraq to its natural position
Prime Minister: Our government has drawn an ambitious program for the advancement of Iraq
Prime Minister: We have given the private sector an important role Prime Minister: We will not tolerate any defect that may cause the exploitation of people’s funds Prime Minister: The corruption pandemic is a major battle Prime Minister: Iraq has the ingredients to rise
Al-Sistani explains how the beginning and end of the month of Ramadan are proven from a legal point of view
Baghdad – Nas
The website “The Twelve Imams” republished excerpts from Ali al-Sistani’s book “Fasting is a Paradise of Fire”, which includes how the beginning and end of the month of Ramdasan are legally proven.
The presence of the crescent on the horizon is proven in one of two ways:
1- Thirty days have passed from the crescent of the previous month, the lunar month does not exceed thirty days, so if thirty days have passed, it is known that the crescent is on the horizon, so the new lunar month begins.
2- Sighting the crescent at sunset on the twenty-ninth day, which shall be judged by the end of that month and the beginning of the following month.
What is meant by ((sighting the crescent)) is what pervades the vision of the taxpayer himself, and the vision of other people:
(a) If the taxpayer begins and sees the crescent with his own eyes, it is proven to him that the new month has begun, even if others do not see it, as long as he is sure and confident of seeing it and is not likely to fall prey to error and illusion.
(b) If he does not see the crescent himself, but it is proved to him that other people have seen it themselves, this is sufficient for him to rule at the beginning of the new month:
Q: How do you prove to him the vision of others?
A: It is installed in one of the following ways:
1- The testimony of two just men that they saw the crescent.
Their certificate shall be revoked and shall not be taken into account in the following cases:
(a) Obtaining knowledge or reassurance that they are suspected of claiming to see the crescent.
B: They differ in such a way that what one of them tells that he has seen is not what tells the other about his sighting, as if one of them claims to have seen the crescent convex to the side of the earth and the other claims that he saw it convex to the north.
A: The existence of a testimony contrary to their testimony, as if a gathering was initiated and only two justices were called to see and the others did not see it, including two justices who are similar in visual ability and in knowing the beginning of the crescent, while assuming the purity of the horizon from what may be an obstacle to seeing them.
2- The testimony of a large gathering of his vision so that the frequency or commonness useful for knowledge or reassurance occurs.
3- It is proven that he is seen by the religious authority if he inherits trust
And reassurance that the vision has actually been achieved or that the evidence for it is based on advanced specifications.
Q: If more than one testifies to the sighting of the crescent, but accurate scientific predictions confirm that the moon has not yet emerged from the new moon, or if meteorological centers announce that it is not possible to see it for them with close-up tools and focused observation, does this prevent the testimony of witnesses from being taken?
A: In such cases, the existence of the crescent is usually not trusted in a visible way, so these certificates are canceled.
Q: Even if there are two fair witnesses among the witnesses?
A: It depends – then – on their testimony unless knowledge or reassurance of their mistake – as mentioned
Q: Is it sufficient for accurate astronomical calculations to prove the crescent if its birth is confirmed and its validity is reassured?
A: It is not enough unless there is reassurance that it appears on the horizon in a visible way.
Q: Is it enough to see it with telephoto instruments if it cannot be seen with the usual naked eye?
A: Not enough.
Q: Is it sufficient to see it in a country other than the taxpayer’s country if it is not possible to see it in the taxpayer’s country?
A: It is not enough unless seeing it in that country requires seeing it in the country of the taxpayer if it were not for the obstacles such as clouds, dust, mountain or the like.
Q: And when is it necessary?
A: In two cases:
1- The country of vision should be located in the north or south of the taxpayer’s country with the union of their horizons at sunrise and sunset.
2- The country of vision should be located in the east of the taxpayer’s country, with them not far in latitude too far.
Q: If the country of visibility is located in the west of the country of the taxpayer, as if the crescent was sighted in Damascus and the taxpayer in Baghdad?
A: It is not proven that the month has entered the taxpayer’s country, yes, if he stays longer in the country of visibility more than the countries differ in the sunrise and sunset, this reveals the possibility of seeing him in the taxpayer’s country and if he is not actually seen in it.
Q: Is it possible to discern from the height of the crescent when it is seen for the first time, or from the fact that it is encircled (1), or from the length of its stay on the horizon for an hour or more, that it is not the son of one night, but the son of two nights?
A: No, the most indicative of these cases is that the moon came out of the moon long before sunset, and does not indicate that it could have been seen at sunset last night.
Q: If the thirtieth night of the month of Sha’baan falls and the crescent is not seen, is it permissible to fast during the day?
A: It is permissible to fast not with the intention of Ramadan but with the intention of the last day of Sha’ban or with the intention of judgment, for example.
Q: If he fasted as well, then it turns out that it was from the month of Ramadan?
A: Break it and stop fasting on the first day of the month of Ramadan.
Q: If the thirtieth night of the month of Ramadan falls and the crescent is not seen, is it obligatory to fast during the day?
A: Yes, unless it turns out during the day that it is the first day of Shawwal, then it will break the fast.
Q: But if he fasts until night and then it turns out that it was from the month of Shawwal, will he not be a sinner by fasting on the day of Eid?
A: No, because he fasted and he does not know that the month of Shawwal has begun.
(1) That is, the dark part of the moon is surrounded by a thin thread of light.
Shamkhani arrives in Baghdad, accompanied by the head of the Central Bank of Iran and a diplomatic delegation
The Secretary of the Iranian Supreme National Security Council, Admiral Ali Shamkhani, arrived in Baghdad today, Sunday, on an official visit.
A source at the Iranian embassy in Baghdad told Shafaq News agency: Shamkhani is accompanied on his visit by the head of the Central Bank of Iran and officials of the Iranian Foreign Ministry.
He added that Shamkhani will discuss with Iraqi officials the security of the border areas between the two countries, especially the western borders related to the Kurdistan Region, and a memorandum of understanding will be signed in this regard.
A source in the Iraqi government told Shafaq News agency yesterday, Saturday, that the visit of the Secretary of the Iranian Supreme National Security Council, Admiral Ali Shamkhani, to Baghdad aims to conclude a memorandum of understanding regarding border security between his country and Iraq.
Shamkhani will also participate in the Baghdad International Dialogue Conference in the Iraqi capital, with the participation of security officials in Iran, the UAE, Turkey, Syria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Jordan. link
Source: Dinar Recaps
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